Areflectionwill move all points of an image across a line of symmetry so that each point is the same distance from each side of the line of symmetry. Just as a mirror shows your image "back to front" then a reflection will 'flip' the figure over the axis of symmetry, but will not change the size or shape of the figure.
A dilation (or geometric transformation) will change the size of a figure as the transformation causes the image to be distorted by stretching or shrinking the figure being transformed.
A rotation of a specific number of degrees about a fixed point is a transformation which, sometimes, may be accomplished by alternate means. A rotation of 180^{o} about the point (0, 0), for example, will produce the same effect as a reflection across the x axis followed by another across the y axis. Rotations do not change the shape or size of a figure.
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